Posts tagged ‘Muslim Brotherhood’


In Egypt, Army Starts To Get Tougher

A rally that brought over 100,000 demonstrators to Egypt’s Tahrir Square was dispersed this morning by Egyptian soldiers firing in the air and using batons and tasers against demonstrators who were demanding that the Hosni Mubarak cabinet be purged by the country’s new military leaders.

Egyptians had gathered in Tahrir Square to celebrate the two week mark since Mubarak’s removal and to remind the military rulers now in charge of its commitments to the people at the time of Mubarak’s ouster.

One of the commitments was to install a team of technocrats to replace the Mubarak-appointed cabinet. Activists are using the demonstrations to guard against “counter-revolution” of the people’s power.

But after midnight, demonstrators said the military fired in the air, shut off the light from lamp posts, and moved in on protesters to force them to leave the square, in an unusual use of military force against protesters since Mubarak’s fall.

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The Roar of the Democratic Wave

[Ed. Note: While not all of the recommendations in the following commentary, The Roar of the Democratic Wave, are agreed with, much of the overall analysis is quite insightful. Bold and audacious, de Vasconcelos lays out a path that could keep “the wave” cresting. In regards to the current fast-moving events in Egypt, his call for US pressure on Egypt’s military is absolutely the right one. Mubarak’s not going to budge but if the generals issue orders to shoot protesters, it is a very open question whether they would be carried out.]

The Roar of the Democratic Wave
By Álvaro de Vasconcelos

Has the uprising in Tunisia sparked a new democratic wave that will conquer Egypt and eventually sweep away the authoritarian “Arab exception”? After southern Europe in the 1970’s, Latin America in the late 1980’s, and Central and Eastern Europe in the 1990’s, it seems that now it is the Mediterranean region’s turn. For Europe, democratization immediately to its south is a vital interest.

Zine El Abidine Ben Ali’s ouster in Tunisia signaled the collapse of the Arab “stability” model, praised by many Western leaders, consisting of authoritarianism and overrated economic performance. The surge of anger and revolt in Egypt, whatever its final outcome, marks the beginning of the end for authoritarian nationalist Arab regimes.

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A Free Egypt Can Be Good for Israel

While Israel has legitimate concerns regarding its future alongside an Egypt that will be reflecting the will of its people, democratization could also be to Israel’s benefit. But attention needs to be paid to the opportunity of creating a true peace between two peoples rather than between two governments.

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Why Israel Needs A Democratic Egypt

From The Christian Science Monitor

Israel’s peace treaty with Egypt once seemed as solid as the stones of the pyramids. It provided a “cold peace” for more than three decades between the former enemies.

But the pact was based on a weak reed – the assumption that a friendly autocrat like Hosni Mubarak would always rule in Cairo.

Now with young Egyptians like Google executive Wael Ghonim waging a pro-democracy revolt in Tahrir Square, the security pact’s future could be sinking like an army tank in the Sinai sands.

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Muslim Brotherhood May Quit Talks

Reuters is reporting that Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood has said it could pull out of talks with the government if opposition demands were not met, including the immediate exit of President Hosni Mubarak.

“We are assessing the situation. We are going to reconsider the whole question of dialogue,” the Brotherhood’s Essam el-Erian told Reuters on Monday. “We will reconsider according to the results. Some of our demands have been met but there has been no response to our principal demands that Mubarak leave.”

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Is Opposition Easing On Mubarak Exit?

Washington Post

The main Egyptian opposition groups eased up on their insistence that President Hosni Mubarak step down immediately, agreeing instead on Sunday to join in talks toward overhauling the country’s political system at a more gradual pace while Mubarak remains in office.

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The Muslim Brotherhood After Mubarak

A well-researched paper covering the history and future of the Muslim Brotherhood from Carrie Rosefsky Wickham.

Foreign Affairs

The Muslim Brotherhood After Mubarak
By Carrie Rosefsky Wickham, Associate Professor of Political Science at Emory University.

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Muslim Brotherhood To Join Talks


Egypt’s most influential opposition group, the Muslim Brotherhood, says it will enter talks with officials on ending the country’s political crisis.
The group told Reuters the talks would begin on Sunday and would assess how far the government was “ready to accept the demands of the people.”

The negotiations would be the first ever to be held between the government and the officially banned Brotherhood.

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Muslim Brotherhood’s Future In Egypt

ED. NOTE: A recent BBC profile on Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood can be found here.

The Muslim Brotherhood has been Egypt’s largest opposition group for years. Now, with the regime of President Hosni Mubarak wobbling, the organization could find its way into power – and is doing its best to look legitimate.

A Koran, two crossed swords and a message: “Prepare yourselves.” The crest of the Islamist Egyptian group Muslim Brotherhood is nothing if not martial. Perhaps even a bit too martial for the international press.

On the first floor of a shabby apartment building on El-Malek El-Saleh street in downtown Cairo, the group — which for years has been Egypt’s largest opposition movement – is receiving a gaggle of scribes from abroad. And the official symbol is nowhere to be seen.

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US, Egypt Talk Plan For Mubarak’s Exit

The Obama administration is discussing with Egyptian officials a proposal for President Hosni Mubarak to resign immediately, turning over power to a transitional government headed by Vice President Omar Suleiman with the support of the Egyptian military, administration officials and Arab diplomats said Thursday.

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Mubarak: I’m ‘Fed Up’ But Won’t Leave

In his first interview since the outbreak of the protests that have rocked his country for the past ten days, Egypt’s President Hosni Mubarak told ABC’s Christiane Amanpour that he’s fed up with being president and would like to leave office now but cannot, he says, for fear that the country would sink into chaos.

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BBC Profile: Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood

The Muslim Brotherhood, or al-Ikhwan al-Muslimun, is Egypt’s oldest and largest Islamist organization.

Founded by Hassan al-Banna in the 1920s, the group has influenced Islamist movements around the world with its model of political activism combined with Islamic charity work.

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Cairo Protests Reach Largest Crowd Yet

Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak said he will step down after elections this year, bowing after 29 years in power to a popular uprising that has begun to reshape the Middle East.

Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak said he will step down from power after his term expires this fall, for the first time setting a date to end his three decades of authoritarian rule.

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Understanding Egypt’s Historic Moment

Understanding Egypt’s Historic Moment by Steven Cook, Council of Foreign Relations’s Hasib J. Sabbagh Senior Fellow for Middle Eastern Studies.

The uprising in Egypt against President Hosni Mubarak and the military-dominated political system he inherited is shaping up to be a seminal event in the region’s history, ranking with the establishment of Israel, Egypt’s Free Officers’ coup of 1952, and the June 1967 Six Days War. Like these events, the revolution-in-the making has the potential to remake Egyptian and regional politics. Although Mubarak seems to be on the ropes, the outcome of the crisis remains unclear. Mubarak continues to control the coercive apparatus of the state–the military, intelligence services, and what is left of the Ministry of Interior and its forces. It is entirely possible that a stalemate between the large cross section of Egyptian society that has come out into the streets and the state will ensue.

To understand the unfolding events, it is important to take note of the following actors:

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